Friday, 15 February 2013

OUGD505 // What is good // Radio stations

Top Radio Stations in UK:
1. BBC Radio 2 (13.9m listeners every week)
2. BBC Radio 1 (11.2m)
3. BBC Radio 4(10.8m)
4. Heart (7.3m)
5. Capital (6.8m)
6. BBC Radio 5 live(6.3m)
7. Classic FM (5.4m)
8. Kiss (4.4m)
9. Magic (3.7m)
10. Smooth Radio(3.7m)

BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBC's national radio stations and the most popular station in the United Kingdom. Much of its daytime playlist-based programming is best described as Adult Contemporary or AOR, although the station is also noted for its specialist broadcasting of other musical genres. Radio 2 broadcasts throughout the UK on FM between 88.1 and 90.2MHz from studios in Western House, adjacent to Broadcasting House in central London. Programmes are relayed on digital radio via DAB, Sky, Cable TV, IPTV, Freeview, Freesat and the Internet. The station's programming is broadcast on a network of FM transmitters of up to 250 kW, the strongest FM signals in the EU.

Brief History:

The station was launched at 05:30 on 30 September 1967, and evolved from the Light Programme, with some of the Light Programme's music shows transferring to the newly launched Radio 1. The first show had started at 05:30am (on the Light programme) but continued with Breakfast Special from Paul Hollingdale as Radio 1 split.
In early years, much programming and music was common to both stations, particularly on the shared FM frequency. Radio 1 was targeted at the audience of pirate radio stations whereas Radio 2 settled down as a middle-of-the-road station playing laid-back pop/rock, folk and country, jazz and big-band music, easy listening, light classics, and oldies, with significant amounts of comedy and sport. Notable broadcasters on Radio 2 in the 70s and 80s were Ray Moore on early breakfast, Terry Wogan on breakfast, replaced by Ken Bruce and later Derek Jameson; Jimmy Young and his lunchtime news and current affairs show; 'Diddy' David Hamilton on mid-afternoons, John Dunn at what became known as drivetime. Radio 2 became the first national 24-hour radio station in the UK in 1979.

Frances Line: 1986–1996
The station's policy remained stable with only minor changes until April 1986 when Frances Line, head of music, repositioned the station. She would become Controller in 1990. An ageing Radio 1 audience which had grown up with the station was sticking with it into their 40s and beyond; Line repositioned Radio 2 to appeal exclusively to the over-fifties and introduced older presenters and based the playlist around nostalgia, easy listening and light music. As a result, David Hamilton quit the station at the end of 1986, claiming the music policy had become "geriatric"; Terry Wogan's replacement Derek Jameson also appealed to an older, down-market demographic. Although popular with its target audience, the policy alienated many younger listeners who had listened to both Radio 1 and Radio 2 and the station's audience fell. It took another hit when sports coverage moved to Radio 5 in August 1990. Another blow was struck by the rise of album-rock commercial stations (particularly Virgin Radio) and 'gold' spinoffs from Independent Local Radio stations playing classic pop and rock. With the station's audience in decline a change of emphasis was needed.

James Moir "The Nation's Favourite" — 1996 onwards
Line was replaced by James Moir in 1996. Moir repositioned Radio 2 with a largely AOR/contemporary playlist by day, aimed at a more mature audience than Radio 1 (which, post-Britpop, was again starting to focus on a young audience) but still embracing new music, and more specialist broadcasting by recognised genre experts in the evenings. Unlike the early-90s repositioning of Radio 1 in which the BBC lost many well-known names, many former Radio 1 presenters stayed with the BBC and moved across to Radio 2.
Radio 2 is now termed "the nation's favourite", a title the BBC formerly used for BBC Radio 1. It is the most listened-to station in the UK, its schedule filled with broadcasters such as: Sir Terry Wogan, Steve Wright, Chris Evans, Simon Mayo, Ken Bruce, Jeremy Vine, Mark Radcliffe, Janice Long, Tony Blackburn, Paul Gambaccini, Johnnie Walker and Bob Harris.
As well as having most listeners nationally, it ranks first in many regions above local radio stations. BBC Radio 2 played to 27% of the available audience in 2006.

The station's audience is now mainly adults over the age of 35 (82% of listeners) although in recent years it has attracted more younger listeners. Its daytime playlist features music from the 1960s to various current chart hits, album and indie music. The station's appeal is broad and deep, with accessible daytime programmes and specialist programmes of particular types or eras of music. In 2009, Radio 2 again won the Music Week Award for National Radio Station of the Year, an award it has won for several consecutive years.
Weekday evenings feature specialist music, including jazz, folk music, blues, country and western, reggae, classic rock, showtunes and biographies and documentaries on musical artists and genres. This specialist programming typically runs from 19:00 to 20:00, and from 22:00 to midnight. Radio 2 hosts both the BBC Concert Orchestra and the BBC Big Band.
Brian Matthew's "Sounds of the Sixties" remains a regular fixture on the Saturday schedule, as does Johnnie Walker's "Sounds of the Seventies" on a Sunday.
On Sundays, the schedule reverts closer to its old style, with a focus on easy listening, Jazz and Show music, with presenters like Clare Teal and David Jacobs and long-standing programmes like Sunday Half Hour.

Regular presenters on the show and regular shows are:
Janice Long
Alex Lester
Vanessa Feltz
The Chris Evans breakfast show
Ken Bruce
Jeremy Vine
Steve Wright in the afternoon
Simon Mayo Drivetime
Jo Whitely

BBC Radio 1 is a British national radio station operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation which also broadcasts internationally, specialising in current popular music and chart hits throughout the day. Radio 1 provides alternative genres after 7:00 pm, including electronic dance, hip hop, rock or interviews. It is aimed primarily at the 15-29 age group, although the average age of the audience in 2008 was 33.

- 'Day' DJs play music generally orientated around the Radio 1 Playlist
- 'Night' DJs play more eclectic and specialised 'New Music'.

The day presenters on the network on weekdays are: Dev (4:00 am–06:30 am), Nick Grimshaw (06:30 am–10:00 am), Sara Cox (10:00 am–12:45 pm), Scott Mills (1:00 pm–4:00 pm) and Greg James (4:00 pm–7:00 pm)

The weekend day slots house: Gemma Cairney (7:00 am–10:00 am), Matt Edmondson (10:00 am–1:00 pm), Huw Stephens (1:00 pm–4:00 pm), "BBC Radio 1's Dance Anthems with Danny Howard" (Sat 4:00 pm–7:00 pm), and "The Official Chart show with Jameela Jamil" (Sun 4:00 pm–7:00 pm).

Weekday 'Night' DJs from 7 pm until 4 am play host to eclectic and specialised content that include: Zane Lowe (7-9pm) and Phil Taggart and Alice Levine (10-12am). Huw Stephens, Nihal, Charlie Sloth, Rock Show with Daniel P. Carter, Punk Show with Mike Davies, Benji B and Toddla T each have a 2-hour slot either between 12-2am or 2-4am Tuesday to Friday mornings. From April 2012, a new show was introduced called BBC Radio 1's Residency, which is hosted by Chuckie, Heidi or Kutski on rotation.

Currently, between 9 pm and 10 pm Monday-Thursdays, there is a variety of one hour programmes including a music documentary series named BBC Radio 1's Stories on Mondays, a review show hosted by Edith Bowman on Tuesdays, a comedy show hosted by Tom Deacon on Wednesdays, and In New DJs We Trust on Thursday evenings.

Friday evening is Radio 1's "Dance Music Marathon" from 7 pm to 7 am which consists of Annie Mac (7-9pm), Pete Tong (9-11pm), Skream and Benga (11pm-1am), The Essential Mix (1-3am), Annie Nightingale (3-5am) and Rob da Bank (5-7am).

Saturday evenings include 12 hours of urban music which, since October 2009, has been simulcast entirely on BBC Radio 1Xtra. DJs include: Trevor Nelson (7-9pm), Tim Westwood (9-11pm), MistaJam (11pm-1am), Diplo (1am-3am), Friction (3am-5am) and Seani B (5am-7am).

Sunday evenings include a request show hosted by Dan Howell and Phil Lester (7-9pm), advice show The Surgery with Aled (9 to 10 pm) and a show hosted by Annie Mac (10-12am). This is before specialist music takes over the station at midnight with BBC Introducing with Jen Long and Ally McCrae (12-2am) followed by B.Traits (2-4am).


While most commercial stations concentrate on two main themes, 1980s music & classic rock, Radio 1 plays a mix of current songs, including independent/alternative, rap, hip hop, rock, house, electronica, dance, drum and bass, dubstep and various pop.
Due to restrictions on the amount of commercial music that could be played on radio in the UK until 1988 (the "needle time" limitation) the station has recorded many live performances. Studio sessions (recordings of about four tracks made in a single day), also supplemented the live music content, many them finding their way to commercially available LPs and CDs. The sessions recorded for John Peel's late night programme are particularly renowned.
The station also broadcasts documentaries and interviews. Although this type of programming arose from necessity it has given the station diversity. The needletime restrictions meant the station tended to have a higher level of speech by DJs. While the station is often criticised for "waffling" by presenters, an experimental "more music day" in 1988 was declared a failure after only a third of callers favoured it.

News and current affairs:
Radio 1 has a public service broadcasting obligation to provide news, which it fulfills through Newsbeat bulletins throughout the day. Short news summaries are provided roughly hourly on the half hour during daytime hours with two 15-minute bulletins at 12:45 pm and 5:45 pm. The main presenter is Chris Smith with reporters including Simon Mundie (Sport), Natalie Jamison (Entertainment), Dan Whitworth (Technology), Jim Taylor (Multimedia), Greg Cochrane (Music) & Greg Dawson (USA).

Notable Shows:

The Radio 1 Breakfast Show
The breakfast show has been presented by many famous names over the years. Currently this slot is broadcast between 6:30 am and 10:00 am, Monday to Friday and is hosted by Nick Grimshaw. The show was previously hosted by Chris Moyles and his team under the alternative title The Chris Moyles Show.

The Official Chart
BBC Radio 1's chart show has aired the UK Singles Chart exclusively on Sunday afternoons since the programme began. Currently broadcasting from 4:00 pm until 7:00 pm, the format, length and starting time have varied over the years, but it has always finished at 7:00 pm. For many years, the show prided itself on playing all 40 singles in the top 40 but this practice ended when Wes Butters took over as presenter in 2003; then only tracks below number 20 to be played were the new entries. On 13 January 2013, Jameela Jamil took over presenting of The Official Chart show, when Reggie Yates leave BBC Radio 1 on 23 December 2012.

Weekday Drivetime Show
The current weekday Drivetime show is hosted by Greg James. Notable former presenters include Scott Mills, Sara Cox, Chris Moyles, Peter Powell, Bruno Brookes, Nicky Campbell, Mark Goodier, Kevin Greening and Dave Pearce. The show currently broadcasts from 4:00 pm until 7:00 pm every weekday, with a 15-minute break at 5:45 pm for Newsbeat.

The 10 Hour Takeover
The 10 Hour Takeover is a stunt event run on some Bank Holiday Mondays and other public holidays since 2004, the first having been aired on Easter Monday of that year.The event is a request-based special, in which the DJs on air will encourage listeners to select any available track to play. Due to the BBC's long-established and broad-scope music archive, it is often possible for a wide range of songs to be played, and as such the mix of music played may be more diverse than that on a normal weekday.


BBC Radio 4 is a British domestic radio station, owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes, including news, drama, comedy, science and history. It replaced the BBC Home Service in 1967.The station controller is Gwyneth Williams, and the station is part of BBC Radio and the BBC Audio & Music department. The station is broadcast from the BBC's headquarters at Broadcasting House, London.
BBC Radio 4 is the second most popular domestic radio station in the UK, and is broadcast throughout the United Kingdom on FM, LW and DAB, and can be received in the north of France and Northern Europe as well. In addition, the station is also available through Freeview, Sky, Virgin Media and on the internet. Radio 4's sister station, BBC Radio 4 Extra (formerly known as BBC 7), complements the main channel by broadcasting repeats from the Radio 4 archive, extended versions of Radio 4 programmes and supplements to series such as The Archers and Desert Island Discs.
BBC Radio 4 is notable for its consistent news bulletins and programmes such as Today and The World at One, which are heralded on air by the Greenwich Time Signal "pips" or the chimes of Big Ben.


The night-time feed from the BBC World Service ends at 05:20, with a brief introduction from the early shift continuity announcer. The five-minute Radio 4 UK Theme (composed by Fritz Spiegl) followed this for 28 years until April 2006. It was replaced by an extension to the early news bulletin, despite some public opposition and a campaign to save it. After a continuity link and programme trail there is a shipping forecast, weather reports from coastal stations for 04:00GMT and the inshore waters forecasts, followed at 05:30 by a news bulletin, a review of British and international newspapers, and a business report. On weekdays, Farming Today, which deals with news of relevance to the agricultural sector, is followed by the Today programme from 06:00 to 09:00.

After the Today programme, the schedule is then determined by the day of the week, though on every weekday there are 'fixtures': Woman's Hour at 10:00, You and Yours at 12:00, The World at One and a repeat of the previous day's The Archers at 2:00 pm, followed by the Afternoon Play at 2.15 pm. At 5:00 pm another current affairs programme, PM, is broadcast. At 6:30 pm there is a regular comedy 'slot', followed by The Archers. At weekends the schedule is different, but also has its 'fixtures' at various times.

On or after the hour, a news bulletin is broadcast—this is sometimes a two-minute summary, a longer piece as part of a current affairs programme, or a 30-minute broadcast on weekdays at 18:00 and midnight. At 12:00, FM has a four-minute bulletin while long wave has the headlines and then the Shipping Forecast; for the same reason, long wave leaves PM on weekdays at 17:54.

There is a news programme or bulletin (depending on the day) at 22:00. The midnight news is followed on weekdays by a repeat of Book of the Week. The tune Sailing By is played until 00:48, when the late shipping forecast is broadcast. Timing is said to be difficult as the Sailing By theme must be started at a set time and faded in as the last programme ends. Radio 4 finishes with the national anthem, God Save the Queen, and the World Service takes over from 01:00 until 05:20.

Timing is considered sacrosanct on the channel. Running over the hour except in special circumstances or occasional scheduled instance is unheard of, and even interrupting the Greenwich Time Signal on the hour (known as 'crashing the pips') is frowned upon.

An online schedule page lists the running order of programmes.

Heart is a network of 17 adult contemporary local radio stations in central & southern England and north Wales. Each station broadcasts local breakfast and drive time shows and simulcasts network programming at all other times. Sixteen of the Heart stations are owned and operated by Global Radio with one station, Heart Hertfordshire, owned independently as a franchise.


Heart began broadcasting on the 6 September 1994, as 100.7 Heart FM being the UK's third Independent Regional Radio station, five days after Century Radio and Jazz FM North West. The first song to be played on 100.7 Heart fm was "Something Got Me Started", by Simply Red. Its original format of "soft adult contemporary" music included artists such as Lionel Richie, Simply Red and Tina Turner. Reflecting this, its early slogan described the station as being "100.7 degrees cooler".

Its programming format was modified in 1996, a year after Chrysalis launched Heart 106.2 in London. The new format saw the "soft" AC music replaced with a generally more neutral Hot AC music playlist. Century 106 in the East Midlands became the third station of the Heart network in 2005 after GCap Media sold Century. Chrysalis' radio holdings were sold to Global Radio in 2007.

There are two theories of how the original Heart station was given its name. One is that it got its name from being based in the heart of Birmingham. The more commonly held theory is that it is taken from the phrase Heart of England which Birmingham and often the wider West Midlands region is often referred to as.

When GCap Media was taken over by Global Radio in 2008, it announced plans to dissolve the 41 station One Network, with one station (Power FM) becoming part of the Galaxy Network, four stations (BRMB, Beacon Radio, Mercia FM and Wyvern FM) forming a West Midlands regional network (which was latterly sold to Orion Media along with Heart 106), seven stations joining Capital FM to form The Hit Music Network and the remaining 29 stations forming the Heart Network. Heart East Midlands was sold to Orion Media due to the same competition concerns that had forced its earlier sale to Chrysalis, and as a result this was operated by Orion Media using the Heart name and content under licence, until 1 January 2011 when it split from the Heart network, becoming Gem 106. (As a result of this and other changes, including the creation of Capital East Midlands, Global Radio placed a relay of Heart 106.2 in place of Galaxy Digital on DAB in Leicester and Nottingham, such that listeners could continue to receive Heart network content in these areas.)

Between June and September 2010, Global Radio merged a vast majority of the Heart stations to create a smaller network of local & regional stations, in line with new OFCOM guidelines on local output requirements.

Monday - Thursday
midnight - the late show with simon beale

01:00 - 04:00 - All the 80's all night
04:00 - 06:00 - Matt Wilkinson
06:00 - 09:00 - Stephen Mulhern & Emma Willis
09:00 - 13:00 - Toby Anstis
13:00 -  16:00 - JK & Lucy
19:00 - 22:00 - evenings on heart with roberto
22:00 - midnght - late night show with simon beale

Friday nights - 7pm onwards club classics

00:00 - Club Classics with Roberto
01:00 - Nicola Bonn
06:00 -  JK and Lucy
10:00 -  Toby Anstis
13:00 -  Nick Snaith
17:00 -  Emma Bunton
19:00 -  Club Classics with Mark Wright
21:00 -  Club Classics with Steve Denyer


00:00 - Club Classics with Steve Denyer
01:00 - Nicola Bonn
06:00 -  Stephen Mulhern and Emma Willis
10:00 -  Jason Donovan
12:00 - Margherita Taylor
16:00 -  The Vodafone Big Top 40
19:00 -  Evenings on Heart with Roberto
22:00 -  The Late Show with Simon Beale


Capital is a radio network of nine independent contemporary hit radio stations in the United Kingdom which are owned and operated by Global Radio, launching on 3 January 2011.Capital was previously known as Mix, One, Galaxy and Hit Music at various times. The stations were formerly owned by GCap Media and Chrysalis Radio prior to their respective takeovers by Global Radio and, with the exception of Capital London, were all part of Galaxy or Hit Music prior to January 2011.
The stations serve an audience of 7.1 million listeners and target a core audience in the 12-20 age group


Capital Radio, GWR and GCap Media:
Throughout the 1990s, Capital became one of the UK's major radio groups by acquiring a number of additional local radio stations including Red Dragon FM, BRMB and Wyvern FM. Rival GWR Group also acquired a number of local radio stations in the 1990s, including Leicester Sound, Ram FM, GWR FM, Chiltern FM, Hereward FM, Marcher Sound and Trent FM, which operated as part of the 33 station Mix network.

Capital Radio and GWR Group's merger in 2005 resulted in the stations being amalgamated into One which existed until June 2009 when most of the stations, now in the ownership of Global Radio, who purchased GCap in 2008, were rebranded as part of The Heart Network. This left Leicester Sound, Ram FM, Red Dragon FM and Trent FM which formed Hit Music with network content produced in Nottingham. In January 2011 these stations were rebranded as part of Capital.

The first Galaxy radio station, Galaxy 101, was launched in 1990 in South West England broadcasting from Bristol and operated under the Chiltern Radio Group. Chrysalis Radio purchased the station in 1996 and a year later, expanded the network by buying Faze FM's stations - Kiss 102 in Manchester and Kiss 105 in Yorkshire. In 1998, black community station Choice FM was acquired in Birmingham. Chrysalis Radio won the North East regional licence in 1999 and sold the original station, Galaxy 101, to the GWR Group in 2002 (now Kiss 101).

In 2007, Chrysalis Radio was sold to Global Radio and following their subsequent acquisition of GCap in 2008, Xfm Scotland and Power FM were rebranded under the Galaxy moniker in November 2008. Another rebrand followed in January 2011 when all Galaxy stations were rebranded as Capital.

Capital Yorkshire

Capital Yorkshire is an Independent Local Radio station owned by Global Radio as part of the nine-station Capital radio network which specialises in mainstream music. It is based at Josephs Well near Park Lane in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
The licence held makes Capital Yorkshire the largest regional British radio station[2] outside of London.
There are two advertising sub-regions, known as for East Yorkshire and South & West Yorkshire, which air localised commercials.

Galaxy Yorkshire

The station started life as Kiss 105, but became Galaxy 105 after a take over by the Chrysalis Group, then in 2006 it became simply Galaxy Yorkshire.
The stations strapline was altered to "passion for music, passion for life" to reflect its new target demographic which has been changed from 15-29 to 15-34[citation needed]. This was reinforced by the playing of more old school "Galaxy Anthems" - similar to Bauer rival Kiss's "Kisstory". In 2008 it was rebranded as a mainstream station along with all the other Galaxy Stations with a new 'Love Music' strapline before becoming 'Yorkshire's No. 1 Hit Music Station in July 2010.

Capital Yorkshire
The station was rebranded as 105 Capital on 3 January 2011 as part of a merger of Global Radio's Galaxy and Hit Music networks to form the nine-station Capital radio network.[4] Breakfast presenter Simon Hirst and drivetime presenter Adam O'Neill retained their jobs at the relaunched station.[5]

Monday - Thursday
midnight - Will Cozens
02:00 - Capital mixtape
03:00 - Ant Payne
06:00 - Hirstys daily dose
10:00 - Rich Clarke
13:00 - The Bassman
16:00 - Adam O'niell
19:00 - James Barr
22:00 - Will Cozens

16:00 - Adam O'Niell
20:00 - Pandora

00:00 - andy durrant
03:00 - Christian Williams
05:00 - capital mixtape
06:00 - adam o niell
08:00 - Pete allison
12:00 - Ant Payne
16:00 - Pandora
20:00 - Will Cozens

1 comment:

  1. When I’m looking for the latest country music, I always end up in one spot – 103.1 WIRK. I was even lucky enough to catch up with Keith Van Allen in the streets and got free ‘Rib Round Up’ tickets. Just one of the many events that keep me tuned into